[Photography] – Composition

写在第二节课前面的话:
3亲爱的好朋友们,正如前面提到的,在一边学习摄影,一遍普及摄影基本知识的过程中,
我萌生了自己写一个摄影简明教材的想法,用来配合我的教学,也给自己和后来的朋友们一些资料作为参考。
每节课的这些材料,汇集了十余年来我来自各种渠道的学习笔记的积累,
甄选出了许多保存收藏的经典照片,囊括了很多经典教材中的定义和说法。
尤其来美国上学之后,我做了很久的右键侠和截图侠,尤其是很多的照片已经难以找到原作者了,非常遗憾。
在此再次感谢这些年来悉心指点我的老师和大神们。

美中不足的是,单单通过这些文字和样图不能很好的解释其中技巧。 我在筹备下一次摄影学习讨论班,具体安排出来了会告诉大家。

// Section 0
Presentations and Critique to Assignment 1
One of the interesting Assignment 1  “The Cat” from @Leilei
Screen Shot 2015-09-08 at 4.27.37 PM

// Section 1
// Review to Lecture 1& 2

In previous lecture, we covered core concepts in photography and we reviewed core knowledge about modern camera.
Key take-aways are the 3 quality attributes that any good photo must has:  “Topic, Attraction, Simplicity”
十二字口诀:
主题鲜明,有吸引力,画面简单。
Screen Shot 2015-07-18 at 10.33.31 AM

// Section 2
In this lecture, we are going to learn together the keys to good compositions.

Definition to Composition:
我很喜欢《The Art of Photography》中对于构图的定义

“My dictionary defines it as “an arrangement of the parts of a work of art so as to form a unified, harmonious whole”. This is an excellent beginning. “A unified, harmonious whole.” That is the key phrase. If photography is your means of self-expression, then composition must be the vehicle with which you express yourself clearly, concisely, and smoothly. Composition is the means of bringing viewers into your photograph and holding their attention long enough to read your commentary and define their own feelings.”   — 《The Art of Photography》

这个定义听起来非常玄乎~  那么这看似神奇的Magic of Composition是怎么做到的呢?

【课堂小实验 : 了解人的眼睛天然的Sharp Vision】
具体怎么做就不赘述了,我会带着大家一起玩一玩这个小实验。 希望能有豁然开朗的感觉。
tunnel_light-copy

Keys to Composition:

  • Unified Thought
  • Simplicity 

A LOT of examples
课堂上我们会一起看很多很多例子,我一直认为,学会鉴赏大师级作品再加上用自己的镜头进行模仿,是最有效的方法。
这里贴出来一小部分电子版的,很多实体的照片,尤其是各种渠道买来的收藏品,我一直带在身边,可以和大家分享。
Screen Shot 2015-09-08 at 4.58.23 PM

Screen Shot 2015-09-08 at 4.56.15 PM

Screen Shot 2015-09-08 at 4.58.03 PM

梳理起来,影响构图的元素有如下几类:

  • Light
  • Color
  • Contrast and Tone
  • Line
  • Form
  • Pattern
  • Balance
  • Movement
  • Positive / Negative Space
  • Texture
  • Camera Position
  • Focal Length
  • Depth of Field
  • Shutter Speed

当然了,如果按照这么复杂的内容来学习,谁都会晕头转向了。 各种各样材料里的Composition Pattern五花八门,各有各的道理。 汇总合并了所有的Pattern之后,我总结了四个Pattern,最为简单实用。

感谢朋友们来我们的摄影课堂,希望大家有些收获。
更详细的内容,请参考我为大家汇编的笔记本。

 

 

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